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Lasertreatments.com Frequently Asked Questions

Laser Hair Removal

Laser Tattoo Removal

Laser Eye Surgery

Laser Resurfacing Stretch Mark Removal
Scar Removal Laser Acne Treatments


Frequently Asked Questions about Laser Hair Removal

Lasertrolysis consists of several laser systems to perform quick and long
lasting hair removal. All emit light that is absorbed by the pigment located
in the hair follicle. The laser is pulsed, or "turned on", for only a
fraction of a second. The duration of the pulses has been carefully
determined so that the energy will be absorbed by the hair follicle and
disable it but not long enough that excess heat is transferred to the
surrounding skin. The result is safe and effective hair removal.

What is the advantage of using a laser?

Lasers are precise instruments that can be adjusted to the exact parameters
that will specifically disable the hair follicle. Unlike precision
"single-hair" treatments like electrolysis, the laser uses a wide beam which
treats many hairs at once. Because of this, large areas like a full man's
back, full legs or arms can be completely hair free within a few hours. You
will see immediate results that will last far longer than shaving, tweezing,
waxing, chemical depilation, or other temporary treatments. One of the
systems - the EpilaserTM ruby laser - was recently cleared by the FDA for
permanent hair reduction.

Is it safe?

The EpilaserTM was developed from more than 30 years of laser research by
physicians at the Massachusetts General Hospital's Wellman Laboratories, and
has been shown through extensive clinical trials at more than 10 laser U.S.
and Canadian laser research centers to provide safe and effective hair removal.
The laser parameters were carefully defined by studying the anatomy
of the hair follicle and precisely matching the laser light and pulse
duration to the follicle size, depth, and location to safely and effectively
remove the hair.

How long will it take?

Because the laser treats many hairs at a time, facial areas (chin, lip,
cheeks, etc.) can be treated in 10 - 15 minutes. Small body areas (underarms,
bikini line, etc.) take less than a half hour. Larger body areas (full back,
full legs, both arms, etc.) usually an hour or more, depending upon the size
of the area and the density of the hair.

Does it hurt?

Most laser clients describe the treatment as mildly uncomfortable, but not painful.
For sensitive facial and body areas, however, some people do ask for
an anesthetic. If you decide you would prefer an anesthetic, Medical
Directors can prescribe a topical anesthetic for you.

What happens to the skin after the treatment?

Within several minutes of the treatment, the treated area will be come
slightly red and puffy. This reaction subsides, and within a few hours the
area returns to normal. Since the laser does not burn or cut the skin in any
way, no bandages are necessary, and you can return to your normal activities

How many treatments will I need?

The laser works by disabling hairs that are in their active growth cycle at
the time of treatment. Since other hairs will enter their growth cycles at
different times, additional treatments may be necessary to disable all of the
follicles in a given area. Lasertrologists will work with you to develop the
treatment program that best fulfils your hair removal needs, and can also
provide conventional electrolysis on sparse growth or persistant regrowth.
The combination will be very quick, permanent hair removal.

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Tattoo Removal FAQs

What is the principle behind laser tattoo removal?

A RUBY LASER WHICH EMITS PURE RED LIGHT is used to eliminate tattoos and
abnormal brown or dark skin pigmentation. Since the principle of laser
treatment is based on the absorption of light, however, some colours of
tattoos are easier to remove than others. For example, black and blue ink
clears easily because they can absorb red light well. However, a red tattoo
can be more difficult to remove.

How does it work?

This laser mechanically shatters the pigment of the tattoo, which is
dispersed through the skin and carried away by other cells. While the surface
of the skin isn't broken as a result of treatment with the Pulsed Dye Laser,
there may be some pigment exiting through the surface of the skin with the
Ruby Laser.

Does insurance cover tatoo removal?

Patients who want tattoos removed by the Ruby Laser must pay for the
treatment themselves. These fees, the same as those for other cosmetic
services, are used to offset the costs involved with operating the equipment.

Is this treatment guaranteed?

The tattoo removal service isn't in place to make people think that tattoos
are temporary. It usually takes six or more treatments to remove a tattoo,
and complete removal cannot be guaranteed. However, having a tattoo removed
can be a great relief to some people.

Does it hurt?

There is some discomfort associated with the Ruby Laser treatment, and there
may be bruising or blistering for a brief time after each treatment. However,
even with this treatment there is less than a five percent chance of scarring.

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What is laser vision correction?

Laser vision correction of the eye is a precise, minimally invasive laser
treatment that reshapes the cornea, helping your eye to focus properly. It
can reduce or eliminate the need for contact lenses or eyeglasses.

This treatment is performed with an excimer laser, which has been thoroughly
tested and clinically proven. In fact, since the United States Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) approved the procedure in October 1995, more than
1,000,000 procedures have been performed in the U.S. alone. Over
3,000,000 treatments have been performed in the last eight years worldwide.

What is the difference between RK and PRK?

While radial keratotomy (RK) sounds similar to photorefractive keratectomy
(PRK), the two procedures are different and should not be confused. In RK, a
surgeon reshapes the cornea by using a hand-held blade to make a pattern of
incisions in the cornea that look like the spokes of a wheel. Those incisions
cut through more than 90% of the thickness of the cornea and weaken the
structure of the eye. This weakening permits the cornea to flatten, thus
shortening the length of the eye and correcting the refractive error.

PRK, or Photorefractive Keratectomy, does not include an incision on
the cornea. Instead, an excimer laser carefully shapes or sculpts the
corneal surface by ablating or removing tissue from the corneal surface.
The thickness of tissue removed is often less than that of a human hair.
Laser vision correction with PRK involves the removal of less than ten
percent of the corneal tissue because the excimer laser is so precise.
The end result is a re-sculpting of the cornea, allowing light to properly
focus on the retina. PRK was studied in clinical trials for six years before
approval in the United States. It uses a computerized laser to correct
nearsightedness(myopia) and farsightedness(hyperopia).

What is LASIK?

LASIK (Laser in-situ keratomileusis) also utilizes the excimer laser to
remove corneal tissue in order to reshape the cornea. With LASIK,
the surgeon first creates a flap on the cornea with a device called a
microkeratome. He then uses the excimer laser to reshape the cornea
below the corneal flap. The corneal flap is then placed back into position
and healing begins with good surface integrity in 12 hours.
What is an Excimer Laser?

A laser is an instrument that can produce and control a powerful beam of
light. Laser light can be directed and controlled more precisely than normal
light, and it can be delivered in extremely brief, intense pulses.

The excimer laser produces a beam of ultraviolet light in pulses that last
only a few billionths of a second. Each pulse removes a microscopic amount of
tissue by evaporating it, producing very little heat and leaves underlying
tissue virtually unchanged.

Is laser vision correction the same as Radial Keratotomy (RK)?

No. While both treatments are designed to correct nearsightedness, RK and
laser vision correction are not the same.

The revolution in eyecare - changing the shape of the cornea itself - began
with radial keratotomy (RK). Although successful with some types of
nearsightedness, RK is an invasive surgical procedure involving the use of
scalpels to make a series of corneal incisions, cutting into as much as 95%
of the cornea.

Laser vision correction uses a state-of-the-art, computerized excimer laser
to reshape the cornea with no incisions. During the last decade, physicians
worldwide have turned increasingly to laser vision correction and have
performed the treatment over one million times.

What can I expect from the laser vision correction procedure?

Prior to treatment, the physician administers anesthetic eyedrops to the
patient to numb the cornea. After the eye drops have had a chance to take
effect, the patient is positioned in a comfortable chair centered underneath
the laser and is asked to focus on a small bright light. Once the laser is
properly aligned and the patient feels comfortable focusing, the actual
treatment may begin.

Depending upon the amount of correction required, the laser treatment itself
takes about 15-40 seconds. The patient remains awake throughout the
treatment. The treatment itself is painless, although the patient may notice
a "gritty" sensation in the eye or some discomfort in the first 24-48 hours.
Medication may be provided to minimize any discomfort. Typically, the patient
will notice improved vision within 3-5 days and can usually resume normal
activities in 1-3 days. Often patients prefer to be treated on a Thursday or
Friday afternoon to reduce time away from work. Vision may fluctuate over the
next few weeks, and usually stabilizes within three months.

How do I know whom to trust for this procedure?

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 How do I know if I'm a good candidate for laser vision correction?

A large majority of all nearsighted (myopia) and farsighted (hyperopia) people
are potential candidates for the laser treatment. Typically, patients who are at least
18-21 years of age who have mild to high myopia (up to -14 diopters of
nearsightedness), astigmatism (up to 5 diopters of astigmatism), and farsightedness
(up to +6 diopters of farsightedness). The excimer laser is FDA approved for
nearsightedness, astigmatism, and farsightedness with PRK. Recently, November
1999, the FDA also approved the excimer laser for LASIK. Patients may be
required to meet certain medical and visual criteria. The best candidates tend
to be people who are dissatisfied with their contact lenses or glasses and are
motivated to make a change , whether it's due to occupational or lifestyle reasons.
However, only an eye doctor who is specially trained in laser vision correction can
evaluate a patient's suitability for the treatment.

How do I know if it's safe?

The excimer laser has proven to be safe and effective for the treatment of the
vast majority of nearsighted and farsighted prescriptions. In the U.S. clinical trials'
three-year follow-up, no sight-threatening complications have occured. Over 3,000,000
treatments with the excimer laser have been performed worldwide.

Can I afford the treatment?

There are several ways for you to carefully evaluate whether or not this
treatment will be 'affordable' for you. First, consider the costs associated
with maintaining your eyeglasses or contact lenses. Depending on the type
used some can be costly, especially when adding in the cost of solutions and
other accessories. While it is harder to place a dollar value on lifestyle,
we recommend that you consider this factor as you assess affordability.
Ability to actively participate in a hobby, sports or your profession without
the aid of glasses or contacts might be very important to you. Most centers
and doctors offer a range of payment options to meet your needs.

What are the risks and side effects that I should be aware of?

As with any medical procedure, there are risks and side effects involved.
Each patient must understand that a specific result cannot be guaranteed;
however, results can be closely predicted based on data from thousands of
previous cases. Serious complications are very rare, and the most likely is
an infection, which is treatable with medication.

Some possible complications include haze, perforation of the cornea, induced
astigmatism, and under- or over-correction. However, thousands of refractive
procedures have been performed in the United States, and they are recognized
as some of the most successful and gratifying procedures performed. Since
risks and side effects vary from patient to patient and are very important to
consider, your refractive surgeon will cover these issues with you on a
one-to-one basis.

Will I regain perfect vision with these techniques?

If you demand perfect vision as your result, then a refractive procedure may
not be in your best interest. Even for those people who do not wear
corrective lenses, vision can fluctuate during the day. Blood sugar level,
water content of the eye, and fatigue all affect visual acuity. Refractive
procedures restore natural vision, not perfect vision.

What is the treatment like?

Prior to the vision correction treatment, the physician administers
anesthetic eye drops to the patient to numb the eye. After the eye drops have
had a chance to take effect, the patient is led to a treatment room,
positioned in a comfortable chair centered underneath the laser beam, and is
asked to focus on a small, bright light. Once the eye is properly aligned and
the patient feels comfortable focusing, the actual treatment may begin.

The results of the patient's eye exam will determine the treatment parameters
that are entered in to the laser. The actual laser delivery time is generally
between 15-45 seconds, and the number of pulses is dependent on how much
correction is required. The patient remains awake and pain-free through the
treatment. After the treatment, ointment and/or drops are placed in the eye
to facilitate the healing process. During the first 24 to 48 hours after the
treatment, most patients will experience a "gritty" sensation in the eye
and/or some discomfort. Typically, the patient will notice improved vision in
3-5 days following the treatment. Treatment follow-up generally involves
several visits to the doctor. Vision may fluctuate over the next few weeks,
and usually stabilizes within three months.

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