Asked Questions about Laser Hair Removal
Lasertrolysis consists of several laser systems to perform quick and long
lasting hair removal. All emit light that is absorbed by the pigment located
in the hair follicle. The laser is pulsed, or "turned on", for only a
fraction of a second. The duration of the pulses has been carefully
determined so that the energy will be absorbed by the hair follicle and
disable it but not long enough that excess heat is transferred to the
surrounding skin. The result is safe and effective hair removal.
What is the advantage of using a laser?
Lasers are precise instruments
that can be adjusted to the exact parameters
that will specifically disable the hair follicle. Unlike precision
"single-hair" treatments like electrolysis, the laser uses a wide beam which
treats many hairs at once. Because of this, large areas like a full man's
back, full legs or arms can be completely hair free within a few hours. You
will see immediate results that will last far longer than shaving, tweezing,
waxing, chemical depilation, or other temporary treatments. One of the
systems - the EpilaserTM ruby laser - was recently cleared by the FDA for
permanent hair reduction.
Is it safe?
The EpilaserTM was developed from more than 30 years of laser research by
physicians at the Massachusetts General Hospital's Wellman Laboratories, and
has been shown through extensive clinical trials at more than 10 laser U.S.
and Canadian laser research centers to provide safe and effective hair removal.
The laser parameters were carefully defined by studying the anatomy
of the hair follicle and precisely matching the laser light and pulse
duration to the follicle size, depth, and location to safely and effectively
remove the hair.
How long will it take?
Because the laser treats many hairs at a time, facial areas (chin, lip,
cheeks, etc.) can be treated in 10 - 15 minutes. Small body areas (underarms,
bikini line, etc.) take less than a half hour. Larger body areas (full back,
full legs, both arms, etc.) usually an hour or more, depending upon the size
of the area and the density of the hair.
Does it hurt?
Most laser clients describe the treatment as mildly uncomfortable, but not painful.
For sensitive facial and body areas, however, some people do ask for
an anesthetic. If you decide you would prefer an anesthetic, Medical
Directors can prescribe a topical anesthetic for you.
What happens to the skin after the treatment?
Within several minutes of the treatment, the treated area will be come
slightly red and puffy. This reaction subsides, and within a few hours the
area returns to normal. Since the laser does not burn or cut the skin in any
way, no bandages are necessary, and you can return to your normal activities
How many treatments will I need?
The laser works by disabling hairs that are in their active growth cycle at
the time of treatment. Since other hairs will enter their growth cycles at
different times, additional treatments may be necessary to disable all of the
follicles in a given area. Lasertrologists will work with you to develop the
treatment program that best fulfils your hair removal needs, and can also
provide conventional electrolysis on sparse growth or persistant regrowth.
The combination will be very quick, permanent hair removal.
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Tattoo Removal FAQs
What is the principle behind laser tattoo removal?
A RUBY LASER WHICH EMITS PURE RED LIGHT is used to eliminate tattoos and
abnormal brown or dark skin pigmentation. Since the principle of laser
treatment is based on the absorption of light, however, some colours of
tattoos are easier to remove than others. For example, black and blue ink
clears easily because they can absorb red light well. However, a red tattoo
can be more difficult to remove.
How does it work?
This laser mechanically shatters the pigment of the tattoo, which is
dispersed through the skin and carried away by other cells. While the surface
of the skin isn't broken as a result of treatment with the Pulsed Dye Laser,
there may be some pigment exiting through the surface of the skin with the
Does insurance cover tatoo removal?
Patients who want tattoos removed by the Ruby Laser must pay for the
treatment themselves. These fees, the same as those for other cosmetic
services, are used to offset the costs involved with operating the equipment.
Is this treatment guaranteed?
The tattoo removal service isn't in place to make people think that
are temporary. It usually takes six or more treatments to remove a tattoo,
and complete removal cannot be guaranteed. However, having a tattoo removed
can be a great relief to some people.
Does it hurt?
There is some discomfort associated with the Ruby Laser treatment, and there
may be bruising or blistering for a brief time after each treatment. However,
even with this treatment there is less than a five percent chance of scarring.
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EYE LASER SURGERY QUESTIONS
What is laser vision correction?
Laser vision correction of the eye is a precise, minimally invasive
treatment that reshapes the cornea, helping your eye to focus properly.
can reduce or eliminate the need for contact lenses or eyeglasses.
This treatment is performed with an excimer laser, which has been
tested and clinically proven. In fact, since the United States Food
Administration (FDA) approved the procedure in October 1995, more
1,000,000 procedures have been performed in the U.S. alone. Over
3,000,000 treatments have been performed in the last eight years
What is the difference between RK and PRK?
While radial keratotomy (RK) sounds similar to photorefractive keratectomy
(PRK), the two procedures are different and should not be confused.
In RK, a
surgeon reshapes the cornea by using a hand-held blade to make a
incisions in the cornea that look like the spokes of a wheel. Those
cut through more than 90% of the thickness of the cornea and weaken
structure of the eye. This weakening permits the cornea to flatten,
shortening the length of the eye and correcting the refractive error.
PRK, or Photorefractive Keratectomy, does not include an incision
the cornea. Instead, an excimer laser carefully shapes or sculpts
corneal surface by ablating or removing tissue from the corneal
The thickness of tissue removed is often less than that of a human
Laser vision correction with PRK involves the removal of less than
percent of the corneal tissue because the excimer laser is so precise.
The end result is a re-sculpting of the cornea, allowing light to
focus on the retina. PRK was studied in clinical trials for six
approval in the United States. It uses a computerized laser to correct
nearsightedness(myopia) and farsightedness(hyperopia).
What is LASIK?
LASIK (Laser in-situ keratomileusis) also utilizes
the excimer laser to
remove corneal tissue in order to reshape the cornea. With LASIK,
the surgeon first creates a flap on the cornea with a device called
microkeratome. He then uses the excimer laser to reshape the cornea
below the corneal flap. The corneal flap is then placed back into
and healing begins with good surface integrity in 12 hours.
What is an Excimer Laser?
A laser is an instrument that can produce and control a powerful
light. Laser light can be directed and controlled more precisely
light, and it can be delivered in extremely brief, intense pulses.
The excimer laser produces a beam of ultraviolet light in pulses
only a few billionths of a second. Each pulse removes a microscopic
tissue by evaporating it, producing very little heat and leaves
tissue virtually unchanged.
Is laser vision correction the same as Radial Keratotomy
No. While both treatments are designed to correct nearsightedness,
laser vision correction are not the same.
The revolution in eyecare - changing the shape of the cornea itself
with radial keratotomy (RK). Although successful with some types
nearsightedness, RK is an invasive surgical procedure involving
the use of
scalpels to make a series of corneal incisions, cutting into as
much as 95%
of the cornea.
Laser vision correction uses a state-of-the-art, computerized excimer
to reshape the cornea with no incisions. During the last decade,
worldwide have turned increasingly to laser vision correction and
performed the treatment over one million times.
What can I expect from the laser vision correction procedure?
Prior to treatment, the physician administers anesthetic eyedrops
patient to numb the cornea. After the eye drops have had a chance
effect, the patient is positioned in a comfortable chair centered
the laser and is asked to focus on a small bright light. Once the
properly aligned and the patient feels comfortable focusing, the
treatment may begin.
Depending upon the amount of correction required, the laser treatment
takes about 15-40 seconds. The patient remains awake throughout
treatment. The treatment itself is painless, although the patient
a "gritty" sensation in the eye or some discomfort in
the first 24-48 hours.
Medication may be provided to minimize any discomfort. Typically,
will notice improved vision within 3-5 days and can usually resume
activities in 1-3 days. Often patients prefer to be treated on a
Friday afternoon to reduce time away from work. Vision may fluctuate
next few weeks, and usually stabilizes within three months.
How do I know whom to trust for this procedure?
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How do I know if I'm a good candidate for laser vision correction?
A large majority of all nearsighted (myopia) and farsighted
are potential candidates for the laser treatment. Typically, patients
who are at least
18-21 years of age who have mild to high myopia (up to -14 diopters
nearsightedness), astigmatism (up to 5 diopters of astigmatism),
(up to +6 diopters of farsightedness). The excimer laser is FDA
nearsightedness, astigmatism, and farsightedness with PRK. Recently,
1999, the FDA also approved the excimer laser for LASIK. Patients
required to meet certain medical and visual criteria. The best candidates
to be people who are dissatisfied with their contact lenses or glasses
motivated to make a change , whether it's due to occupational or
However, only an eye doctor who is specially trained in laser vision
evaluate a patient's suitability for the treatment.
How do I know if it's safe?
The excimer laser has proven to be safe and effective
for the treatment of the
vast majority of nearsighted and farsighted prescriptions. In the
U.S. clinical trials'
three-year follow-up, no sight-threatening complications have occured.
treatments with the excimer laser have been performed worldwide.
Can I afford the treatment?
There are several ways for you to carefully evaluate whether or
treatment will be 'affordable' for you. First, consider the costs
with maintaining your eyeglasses or contact lenses. Depending on
used some can be costly, especially when adding in the cost of solutions
other accessories. While it is harder to place a dollar value on
we recommend that you consider this factor as you assess affordability.
Ability to actively participate in a hobby, sports or your profession
the aid of glasses or contacts might be very important to you. Most
and doctors offer a range of payment options to meet your needs.
What are the risks and side effects that I should be aware
As with any medical procedure, there are risks and side effects
Each patient must understand that a specific result cannot be guaranteed;
however, results can be closely predicted based on data from thousands
previous cases. Serious complications are very rare, and the most
an infection, which is treatable with medication.
Some possible complications include haze, perforation of the cornea,
astigmatism, and under- or over-correction. However, thousands of
procedures have been performed in the United States, and they are
as some of the most successful and gratifying procedures performed.
risks and side effects vary from patient to patient and are very
consider, your refractive surgeon will cover these issues with you
Will I regain perfect vision with these techniques?
If you demand perfect vision as your result, then a refractive procedure
not be in your best interest. Even for those people who do not wear
corrective lenses, vision can fluctuate during the day. Blood sugar
water content of the eye, and fatigue all affect visual acuity.
procedures restore natural vision, not perfect vision.
What is the treatment like?
Prior to the vision correction treatment, the physician administers
anesthetic eye drops to the patient to numb the eye. After the eye
had a chance to take effect, the patient is led to a treatment room,
positioned in a comfortable chair centered underneath the laser
beam, and is
asked to focus on a small, bright light. Once the eye is properly
the patient feels comfortable focusing, the actual treatment may
The results of the patient's eye exam will determine the treatment
that are entered in to the laser. The actual laser delivery time
between 15-45 seconds, and the number of pulses is dependent on
correction is required. The patient remains awake and pain-free
treatment. After the treatment, ointment and/or drops are placed
in the eye
to facilitate the healing process. During the first 24 to 48 hours
treatment, most patients will experience a "gritty" sensation
in the eye
and/or some discomfort. Typically, the patient will notice improved
3-5 days following the treatment. Treatment follow-up generally
several visits to the doctor. Vision may fluctuate over the next
and usually stabilizes within three months.